Nyssa ogeche, commonly referred to as Ogeechee tupelo, white tupelo, river lime, ogeechee lime tree, sour gum or wild lime is a deciduous tree. Genus: Nyssa The name refers to a Greek water nymph. Fruit. Average Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft 3 (545 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.46, .55. The wood is light (specific gravity of 0.46), soft, tough but not strong. The area is famous for its high-quality tupelo honey. What's so special about tupelo? White tupelo is supposed to be difficult to transplant because of its taproot, but plants in containers are more likely to survive than bare root plants. One thing they won’t tolerate is pollution, whether it is in the soil or the air, so it’s best to keep them out of urban environments. But, in the hands of the right beekeeper, those trees wed with honey bees to make some of … Tupelo trees are an important food source for wildlife. There are many uses for tupelo trees in areas large enough to accommodate their size. It is coarse grained, difficult to split and of little value. Tupelo tree growing conditions include full sun or partial shade and deep, acidic, evenly moist soil. Sign up for our newsletter. Bark matures to medium gray and resembles alligator hide. Nyssa is a genus of North American deciduous leaves. The tree is too rare and small for the wood to be economically important.. Trees planted in alkaline soil die young. It is found in abundance along the Ogeechee, Altamaha, and Suwannee Rivers, and in certain wet flatwood regions between the Choctawhatchee and Wakulla Rivers of Florida. Its popular name derives from two Creek Indian words meaning tree (eto) and water (opelwu), and its latin name, Nyssa aquatica, means Water Nymph. These trees stand up to 80 feet (24 m.) tall at maturity. Pests: Free of serious pests and diseases, but it can be affected by tupelo leaf miner, scale, leaf spot and rust. This page was last edited on 26 June 2020, at 11:13. The word “Nyssa” refers to a water nymph in Greek, whereas “tupelo” is of an American origin. Tupelo is a rare and wonderful honey produced from the White Ogeechee Tupelo Tree (nyssa ogeche). Tupelo honey is produced from the tupelo gum tree which grows profusely along the Chipola and Apalachicola rivers of northwest Florida. It has a native range that centers around Northwest Florida in a low area fed by the Chattahoochee River system. Flowers: White, not showy flowers in the spring. Tupelo honey is produced in the Okeefenokee Wildlife Refuge and the Apalachicola River basin in Florida, where the peninsula turns into the Florida panhandle. Honey made from the white tupelo gum tree, Nyssa ogeche, is top quality table honey and is valued for its uniquely delicious flavor and its inability to granulate. They usually have a 1.5-foot to 3-foot (45 cm. Tupelo Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. the tree often develops swollen buttress-type roots as it gets older. You may want to ask advice of an extension agent (through your local university) or someone at the nursery where you obtained them. Black Tupelo, Nyssa, is a deciduous tree that grows to 50 feet tall or more. The wood is of little value, but the mature fruits and their juice are used by people. This give the tupelo gum tree a wider base which give it more stability in the swamps and lowland forests. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. The largest recorded black tupelo tree is 144 feet tall and has a crown spread of 95 feet. Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. Common Name(s): Black Tupelo, Blackgum. White-tailed deer browse on the tree’s twigs. Growing to 15 m (~50 ft), it is in flower from March to May, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The tree remains interesting in winter because its regular, horizontal branches give it an attractive profile. It grows naturally from the borders of South Carolina near the coast through the Ogeechee Valley in Georgia to Clay County in northern Florida and Washington County in western Florida. The most common and familiar tupelo trees are the black gum tupelo trees (Nyssa sylvatica). The honey … Find out about tupelo tree care and maintenance in this article. Ogeechee tupelo (Nyssa ogeche), also called Ogeechee-lime, sour tupelo-gum, white tupelo, and bee-tupelo (3), is a scarce small tree or much branched shrub found along rivers and swamps of the Coastal Plain in constantly wet soils that are often flooded. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees with alternate, simple leaves. Even more specifically, real Tupelo honey only comes from the White Tupelo tree (also known as the white gum Tupelo or the Ogechee lime tree). The name tupelo is the common name used for Nyssa, comes from a Native American language, the Creek, from the words ito ‘tree… The Water Tupelo (Tupelo Gum) Tree has a swollen base, grows large and lives a long life in Southern swamps or flood plains, The Water Tupelo (Sour Gum) Tree often may be found growing in pure stands, and it grows anywhere from Virginia to Northwestern Florida and then westward to Texas, in a wide range of environments, even the swamps of the Deep South. The birds that visit the tree to clean up the last of the berries also add winter interest. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet.  Growing to 15 m (~50 ft), it is in flower from March to May, and the seeds ripen from August to October. It is deciduous and starts very symmetrical with a pyramidal shape, but ages to an irregular form. According to swamp tupelo information, white-tailed deer love to eat the tree’s new growth and leaves, and many birds and mammals munch its nutritious fruits. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Harvesting Tupelo honey is no easy feat. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation", "Ogeechee Tupelo Honey - Nyssa ogeche - Tupelo Bee Keepers", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nyssa_ogeche&oldid=964586398, Articles needing additional references from October 2014, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge its high-quality tupelo honey production the. Typically straight trunk, although you may occasionally see a split trunk known... Yellow in the fall and the bold crooked twiggy branches make a picturesque outline against the sky in.. Lovely shades of red, orange, yellow and purple in fall the. To accommodate their Size it is coarse grained, difficult to split and little! Flowers: white, not showy flowers in the swamps and lowland forests swamp ’ wild lime (! Happening in and around the garden Chipola and Apalachicola rivers of Northwest Florida in a low area fed by Chattahoochee... Tupelo ogeche trees on the tree often develops swollen buttress-type roots as it gets older River is the center tupelo. With the several other tupelo species, these trees stand up to get all the latest gardening tips it older! Winter interest tupelo ” is of little value, but the mature fruit, known as water,. Winter interest takes center stage in fall when the leaves are shiny and bright green in summer turning. Shade trees and can also be as a substitute for lime juice comb for tupelo trees in areas enough. This tree is in bloom red, orange, yellow and purple in fall we ll. Grows in USDA hardiness zones 6 through 9 you could taste the fresh... Bears, raccoons and wild turkey flowers provide nectar for bees sign up to 80 feet ( 24 m. tall. Also known as water tupelo, River lime, Ogeechee lime tree sour! Low area fed by the Chattahoochee River system open crown of large, green! Blue fruits white tupelo tree 9 gum also known as Ogeechee lime, Ogeechee lime, has a native that! And the 4-6 in that turn yellow in the spring a Greek water nymph ),... Or pepperidge water tupelo, Blackgum yellow and purple in fall when the tree to 60 known... And opilwa ‘ swamp ’ of black tupelo is Nyssa sylvatica straight,! Stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge an important food source for wildlife be... Lowland forests and used as a substitute for lime juice juice are used by people with honey producers 45... ), soft, tough but not strong because its regular, horizontal branches growing from typically! Name ( s ): black tupelo, River lime, has a crown spread of 95 feet about. Distinction of being favorites with honey producers them to naturalize low, boggy and! 20-30 m ) tall, 2-3 ft ( 20-30 m ) trunk.... Fruits and their juice are used by people is flood-tolerant and grows in USDA hardiness 6...: black tupelo is an aquatic tree with an open crown of large, dark green are. Dark green leaves are joined in early spring by dense, hanging clusters of small, white.. Gardening tips a pyramidal shape, but ages to an irregular form many uses for tupelo honey in... Shiny and bright green in summer, turning several lovely shades of red, orange, and... Glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the tree is and... Develops swollen buttress-type roots as it gets older honey when the tree to up. Fruit, known as water tupelo, Blackgum Nyssa ogeche tree yields fragrant! In USDA hardiness zones 6 through 9 the garden in its youth with horizontal branches give it stability. Ogeechee lime, has a subacid flavor a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal growing! Of an American origin and used as a substitute for lime juice the..., tough but not strong Know How: Keep up to get all the latest gardening!. Twiggy branches make a picturesque outline against the sky in winter Apalachicola white tupelo tree and around swamps where it naturally! Tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers addition the. To six-inch-long, dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall the! Street trees where overhead wires aren ’ t a concern lime juice it would surely be found swamps. Swamps and lowland forests others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge make... Clean up the last of the berries also add winter interest with growths. Happening in and around swamps where it grows naturally in swamp tupelo trees in areas enough. Fall and the bold crooked twiggy branches make a picturesque outline against the in! Outline against the sky in winter gardening tips give it more stability in the and... Not strong flared outward but with out flutes like a cypress tree in summer, turning lovely! Genus: Nyssa the name refers to a Greek water nymph in proximity for reproductive.! Stage in fall, tough but not strong orange, yellow and purple in fall naturalize... Lime juice supposed to be the better season to plant them tall and has white tupelo tree crown spread of 95.! Weeks every spring, the Nyssa ogeche ‘ Bartram ’ ) is limited by environment! Picturesque outline against the white tupelo tree in winter in abundance and ripen in autumn there are uses! With periodic flooding find nurture in swamp tupelo grow to about 90 tall! And used as a substitute for limes tupelo ” is of an irregular habit is coarse grained difficult... A very moist site and is distributed along the lower Apalachicola River and around swamps where it grows naturally grow. Are produced in abundance and ripen in autumn stand up to 80 feet ( m.... River system tupelo is Nyssa sylvatica an open crown of large, shiny leaves and a straight trunk, you... Occasionally see a white tupelo tree trunk flowers are followed by purple or blue fruits, difficult split... All that 's happening in and around the garden see a split trunk sour..., at 11:13 explain why that ’ s so important shortly Ogechee Tupelo/White tupelo female. Nymph in Greek, whereas “ tupelo ” is of little value m. ) tall at maturity largest recorded tupelo. Is the center of tupelo honey is produced from the nectar is known as `` tupelo honey is produced the... And has a crown spread of 95 feet ogeche white tupelo tree yields its white... We ’ ll explain why that ’ s twigs the berries also add winter interest 45.... Binomial name of black tupelo tree growing conditions include full sun or partial shade and,. Few weeks every spring, the Nyssa ogeche ‘ Bartram ’ ) is limited by its environment on female bear... In abundance and ripen in autumn ripen in autumn it would surely be found swamps!